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Seven diseases under watch next year

The Department of Disease Control has listed seven infectious and non-infectious diseases that people should watch out next year.

Warning by the director-general of the Department of Disease Control Dr Suwanchai Wattanayingcharoen came as past statistics showed rising patients from these diseases.

The seven diseases are:

1.Dengue fever: In 2017, there are 50,033 dengue fever cases with 59 deaths. The trend is rising from June to September. It is expected that in 2108, the number of dengue case will also exceed 50,000 next year, or an average 4,500–9,000 cases a month in 35 risk provinces.

2.Influenza: There are 189,870 cases of influenza with 54 deaths this year. The department predicted that next year will see higher cases of up to 220,000 patients, or 13,000-48,000 cases a month partucularly during the rainy season. High risk areas of the disease will be in 23 provinces, including Bangkok and adjacent provinces where migration rate of people is high.

3.Hand, foot and mouth diseases: The department expected higher cases next year of up to 8,000–23,000 a month to 94,000 for the whole year, from this year’s 68,084 cases with 3 deaths.

4.Conjunctivitis: There are more than 105,000 cases of conjunctivitis this year, but it is expected to rise to over 140,000 next year, or 8,000–35,000 a month during June-September.

5.Food poisoning: This year saw 101,000 fallen sick with 3 deaths from food poisoning. The department predicted that around 100,000 food poisoning cases next year, or 9,000–11,000 a month particularly during January-May.

6.Leptospirosis: 59 patients out of 3,257 leptospirosis cases died this year. The number of cases are predicted to hit 5,000 next year, particularly in the South and Northeast.

7.Melioidosis: This infectious disease caused by a Gram-negative bacterium, Burkholderia pseudomallei, found in soil and water. It is of public health importance in endemic areas, particularly in the Northeast of Thailand and Vietnam. Melioidosis claimed 68 deaths in Thailand this year with a total of 3,140 people infected. The disease is widespread in rainy season. For next year melioidosis cases are expected to hit 3,000 cases or 200-300 cases a month.

Dr Suwanchai also advised people in provinces affected by cold weather to beware of respiratory diseases at this time of the year due to dropping temperature and haze.

About 56,000- 90,000 people fell sick of respiratory system every year during this period, he said.

Thai PBS

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